STROKE (CEREBRAL VASCULAR ACCIDENT (CEREBRAL HEMORRHAGE)

STROKE (CEREBRAL VASCULAR ACCIDENT (CEREBRAL HEMORRHAGE) DEFINITION:- Stroke is an infarction (death) of a specific portion of brain due to interruption of blood flow that results to neurological deficits or loss of... Read more »

PARKINSON’S DISEASE

PARKINSON’S DISEASE DEFINITION:- Parkinsonism is a chronic, progressive neurologic disease affecting the basal ganglia of the brain that leads to deficiency of neurotransmitter dopamine. It is characterized by muscles weakness, rigidity, resting... Read more »

MASTHENIA GRAVIS

MASTHENIA GRAVIS DEFINITION:- It is an autoimmune disease that leads to fluctuating muscular weakness and fatigue that worsens with exercise and improve with rest. It is caused by a breakdown in the... Read more »

MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS

MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS DEFINITION:- It is a progressive degenerative disease that affects the myelin sheath of neurons in CNS. It is characterized by small patches of demyelination in the brain and spinal cord.... Read more »

HUNTINGTON’S DISEASE

HUNTINGTON’S DISEASE DEFINITION:- It is a genetically transmitted degenerative neurologic disease. It is characterized by abnormal movement (chorea), intellectual decline and emotional disturbance progressive, leading to disability and death within 15-20 years.... Read more »

HEAD INJURY/BRAIN INJURY

HEAD INJURY/BRAIN INJURY DEFINITION:- Injuries to the head involve trauma to the scalp, skull and brain. CAUSES:- Motor vehicle accidents. Falls Accidents. MECHANISM OF INJURY:- Acceleration:When head is fixed and objects are... Read more »

GUILLAN BARRE SYNDROME (POLYRADICULONEURITIS)

GUILLAN BARRE SYNDROME (POLYRADICULONEURITIS) DEFINITION:- Guillain-Barre syndrome (GBS) is an acute rapid disease with progressing, ascending, inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy of peripheral sensory and motor nerves. CAUSES:- Unknown URI GI infection Mycoplasma pneumonia... Read more »

SEIZURE (EPILEPSY)

SEIZURE (EPILEPSY) DEFINITION:- Seizure:An episode of neural dysfunctions. Convulsion or fits:It is a seizure with motor accompaniments, e.g., jerking of a limb/limb incontinence. Every seizure may not be convulsions. EPILEPSY: It is... Read more »

ENCEPHALITIS

ENCEPHALITIS DEFINITION:- An inflammation of brain Parenchyma (refers to functional tissue in the brain that is made up of two types of brain cell, Neurons and Glial cells). CAUSES:- Lead, arsenic or... Read more »

BELL’S PALSY

BELL’S PALSY (SEVENTH CRANIAL NERVE DISEASE) DEFINITION:- It is a unilateral paralysis of the facial nerve causing weakness of muscles of one side of face. CAUSES:- Swelling and inflammation of nerve. Reaction... Read more »