CONTUSIONS /SPRAIN /STRAIN CONTUSIONS:- A contusion is a soft tissue injury produced by blunt force, such as a blow, kick, or fall, causing small blood vessels to rupture and bleed into soft... Read more »


PAGET’S DISEASE DEFINITION:- It is a chronic skeletal disorder resulting from excessive osteoclast activity, mostly affecting the long bones and skull, backbone, pelvis. CAUSES:- Unknown cause but some risk-factors are there Family... Read more »


OSTEOPOROSIS DEFINITION:- It is an age related metabolic disease, in which bone matrix (mass) is lost thereby weakening the bones and making them more susceptible to fracture. In this condition, mostly three... Read more »


OSTEOMYELITIS DEFINITION:- It is an inflammation of bone due to infection, it may affect any bone. CAUSES:- Bacterial infection: – Staphylococcus Aureus – Streptococcus Viral infection Fungal infection PATHOPHYSIOLOGY:- Due to infection... Read more »


FRACTURE DEFINITION:- A break in continuity of bones is called fracture, it may be due to excessive pressure on bone and bone is unable to absorb this pressure. TYPES OF FRACTURES:- Complete... Read more »


BONE TUMOURS DEFINITION:- Formation of tumour inside the bone is known as bone tumour. TYPES:- It is of three types: Benign bone tumour, e.g., osteoma, chondroma. Malignant bone tumour, e.g., Multiple Myeloma,... Read more »


ARTHRITIS DEFINITION:- It is an inflammation of one or more joints. CAUSES:- Rheumatoid Arthritis Rheumatoid Spondiolytis Osteoarthritis 1. RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS DEFINITION:- Most severe form of inflammation of joints of fingers, wrists, feet,... Read more »


AMPUTATION DEFINITION:- The removal of a limb, part of a limb, or any other portion of the body (such as breast or rectum) is called Amputation. It is a surgical reconstructive procedure.... Read more »