ADDISON’S DISEASE DEFINITION:- Lack of glucocorticoid and mineralocorticoids hormones production by adrenal cortex is called Addison’s disease. CAUSES:- Unknown but some other causes are: T.B. Syphilis ACTH inhibitors drugs Adrenalectomy Adrenal hemorrhage... Read more »


CUSHING SYNDROME DEFINITION:- It resuls from excessive adrenocortical activity which leads to excess secretion of glucocorticoid hormones. CAUSES:- Excessive corticosteroids medications. Tumour of pituitary gland which results excessive production of ACTH. ACTH... Read more »


DIABETES INSPIDUS DEFINITION:- It is a disorder of posterior lobe of pituatary gland characterized by a deficiency of antidiuretic hormone (ADH) or vasopressin that leads to polyuria, polydypsia. CAUSES:- Head trauma Head... Read more »


HYPOTHYROIDISM DEFINITION:- Subnormal secretion of thyroid hormone by thyroid gland is known as hypothyroidism TYPES:- Primary: Insufficient amount of thyroid hormone secreted by thyroid gland. Secondary: It is due to pituatary gland... Read more »


HYPERTHYROIDISM DEFINITION:- Excessive secretion or synthesis of thyroid hormone by thyroid gland is known as hyperthyroidism, grave disease and thyrotoxicosis. Also temperature, pulse, respiration are increases in this case. CAUSES:- Over functioning... Read more »


INSULIN COMA DEFINITION:- It is a condition in which blood sugar level decreases upto 50mg/dl or less than 50mg/dl. It is also called hypoglycaemic coma. CAUSES:- Alcohol intake with food Delayed intake... Read more »


DIABETES COMA DEFINITION:- It is the condition of coma due to increase blood sugar level (blood glucose level more than 300 mg/dl). CAUSES:- Undiagnosed DM Quantity of insulin is low Stress and... Read more »


DIABETES MELLITUS DEFINITION:- It is the condition in which carbohydrates metabolism disturbed due to insufficient secretion of insulin hormones. It is characterized by triad features, e.g., polyuria, polyphagia, polydypsia. Glucose level in... Read more »