TONSILITIS

TONSILITIS DEFINITION:- It is an inflammation of tonsils due to viral and bacterial infection is called tonsillitis. CAUSES:- Group A streptococci bacteria Adenovirus Rhinovirus Influenza virus SIGN/SYMPTOMS:- Enlarge red tonsils Sore throat... Read more »

SINUSITIS

SINUSITIS DEFINITION:- It is an inflammation of mucous membranes of paranasal sinuses. The main sinuses: Maxillary Ethmoid Frontal Sphenoid TYPES:- Acute Sinusitis (3 weeks) Chronic Sinusitis (3 months) CAUSES:- Upper respiratory tract... Read more »

RHINITIS

RHINITIS DEFINITION:- It is an inflammation of nasal mucosa membrane. It may develop due to allergy, cold or due to flu. TYPES:- Allergic rhinitis Acute rhinitis Vasomotor rhinitis Medicamentosa. Allergic Rhinitis: It... Read more »

PHARYNGITIS

PHARYNGITIS DEFINITION:- It is an inflammation of pharynx (throat). TYPES:- Acute pharyngitis Chronic pharyngitis CAUSES:- Virus infection, e.g., Adenovirus Adenovirus Influenza virus Coxsackie virus Cytomegalo virus Bacterial infections, e.g., streptococcus, corynebacterium diphtheria.... Read more »

OTOSCLEROSIS

OTOSCLEROSIS (Hardening of Ear) DEFINITION:- An overgrowth of the the bone of the inner ear that leads to third ear ossicle (Stapes) becoming fixed, which separates the middle ear and inner ears... Read more »

OTITIS MEDIA

OTITIS MEDIA DEFINITION:- It is an inflammation of middle ear or infection of middle ear caused by entrance of pathogenic organisms. TYPES:- It is mainly of three types: Acute O.M. (Suppurative otitis... Read more »

MENIERE’S DISEASE

MENIERE’S DISEASE DEFINITION:- A disease of inner ear characterized by episodes of deafness tinnitus, and vertigo due to dilation of endolymphatic system or ↑es volume of endolymph. CAUSES:- Unknown Allergic toxicity Ischemia... Read more »

MASTOIDITIS

MASTOIDITIS DEFINITION:- It is an inflammation of mastoid process behind the ear and of the ear space connecting it to the cavity of the middle ear. CAUSES:- Infection of middle ear Injury... Read more »

LARYNGITIS

LARYNGITIS DEFINITION:- It is an inflammation of mucous membranes of larynx. TYPES:- Acute Laryngitis Chronic Laryngitis CAUSES:- Virus infection, e.g., Adenovirus Rhinovirus Influenza virus Parainfluenza virus Bacterial infections, e.g., streptococcus pneumonia Environmental... Read more »

EPISTAXIS

EPISTAXIS DEFINITION:- Bleeding from the nose is called epistaxis. It is not a disease but it is a symptom of other disease. CAUSES/RISK FACTORS:- Congenital Injury to nose Hot environment Acute rhinitis... Read more »