Promethazine was given to 104 surgical patients under various conditions to test its possibilities in anesthesiology. It was administered either intramuscularly or intravenously in doses of 1 mg. per kilogram of body... Read more »

Morphine Sulphate

This medication is used to help relieve moderate to severe pain. Morphine belongs to a class of drugs known as opioid (narcotic) analgesics. It works in the brain to change how your... Read more »


Midazolam, marketed under the trade name Versed, among others, is a medication used for anesthesia, procedural sedation, trouble sleeping, and severe agitation.[3] It works by inducing sleepiness, decreasing anxiety, and causing a... Read more »


Diazepam, first marketed as Valium, is a medicine of the benzodiazepine family that typically produces a calming effect.[5] It is commonly used to treat a range of conditions including anxiety, alcohol withdrawal... Read more »

Atropine Sulphate

Atropine is a medication to treat certain types of nerve agent and pesticide poisonings as well as some types of slow heart rate and to decrease saliva production during surgery.[3] It is... Read more »

EMLA cream

What is Emla? Emla cream is a local anesthetic (numbing medication) containing lidocaine and prilocaine. It works by blocking nerve signals in your body. Emla cream is used to numb normal intact... Read more »

Lignocaine Hydrochloride + Adrenaline

Lidocaine, also known as lignocaine, is a medication used to numb tissue in a specific area (local anesthetic).[4] It is also used to treat ventricular tachycardia and to perform nerve blocks.[3][4] Lidocaine... Read more »

Lignocaine Hydrochloride

Generic Name: Lignocaine hydrochloride Product Name: Lignocaine Hydrochloride Injection Indication This drug is used in the treatment of life threatening ventricular arrhythmias, including those associated with heart attacks. It is also used... Read more »

Bupivacaine Hydrochloride

Bupivacaine, marketed under the brand name Marcaine among others, is a medication used to decrease feeling in a specific area.[1] It is used by injecting it into the area, around a nerve... Read more »


Propofol, marketed as Diprivan among other names, is a short-acting medication that results in a decreased level of consciousness and lack of memory for events.[3] Its uses include the starting and maintenance... Read more »